# Spectrum Analyzer

spectrum analyzer input <> DC Block <> SMA to BNC <> DUT
spectrum analyzer input <> DC Block <> DUT


## Connect TX to Spectrum Analyzer

TX <in[directional coupler]out><in[dummy load xxW]testing port> <10db attenuator> spectrum analyzer
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Max Power: take max input of spectrum analyzer, let's say +20dBm

You can calculate the max power in dBm:

100W = 50dBm
30W = 44dBm


$dBm = 10\times\log_{10}\left(\frac{30W}{0.001W (1mW)}\right) = 44.77dBm$

Since they are too high related to the +20dBm max input, you can put the required attenuators to get down to 0dBm.

• 50dBm = -40dB + -10dB, or -50dB
• 44dBm = -40dB + 4dB
TX 50dBm <> dummy load -40dB <> -10dB <> 0dBm spectrum analyzer


Max Voltage, let's say, maximum 5V in:

30W in volts formula: $V = \sqrt{30W \times 50\Omega} = 38.7V$

The equivalent dBm for the 5V max input of the instrument: $dBm = 20\times\log_{10}\left(\frac{5V}{0.224V (224mV = 0dBm)}\right) = 26.9dBm$

Using 27dB attenuation will do the job.

## Refs

• LPC501 Directional Coupler
• Dummy Load with "testing port"/tap/monitor (-40dB)
• See references for attenuators, directional couplers, etc.
• dBm units